There are mainly two types of tourists who visit the Caribbean, a 2,500 kilometer long chain of more than 7,000 islands, islets, reefs, and beaches scattered across the Caribbean Sea.
There are those who are just looking for refreshing entertainment sandy beaches Between their fingers, alcoholic beverages are in their hands, and the sunny sky above their heads.
And there are eager researchers who want to introduce the various forms of Caribbean culture from hundreds of years into the Amerindian group formerly known as the Caribs (now called the Caribs). Kalinago people).
The islands the Caribbean is sometimes called the West Indies, because of Christopher Columbus’ belief that he reached Asia (instead of America).
It is recognized as one of Conservation International’s biodiversity hotspots because it supports a variety of ecosystems from cloud forests to cactus groves.
But what is equally interesting is the great cultural difference between the islands, and the people, customs, and culture celebrations with influences ranging from African, Spanish, and Portuguese to British, French, and Dutch.
From Caribbean music and dance art, food, and fashion, the culture of the Caribbean islands has greatly influenced modern culture known around the world.
Read on to learn more about the culture and history of the Caribbean, including the cultural history that makes each Caribbean island unique.
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Caribbean Culture & History Guide
- The Bahamas
- Cayman Islands
- Dominican Republic
- Puerto Rico
- St. Maarten/St. Martin
- Turks & Caicos
- US Virgin Islands
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1. Part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the first inhabitants of Aruba were the Arawak people, who migrated from Venezuela to escape the Carib soldiers.
2. Because of the distance from the other islands and the strong currents that made boat navigation difficult, Aruba remained heavily built. South America than the Caribbean.
3. Under Dutch rule since 1647, the island gained independence in 1986. Sinterklaas Day (December 5-6).
4. The annual Carnival in Aruba is equally important, from the beginning of January until the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday, with a big parade on the last Sunday.
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5. The seafaring Taîno people moved south Bahamas from Hispaniola and Cuba 800+ years before Christopher Columbus arrived in 1492. But they were enslaved and exterminated long before the British arrived in 1647.
6. The British made the Bahamian islands self-governing in 1964 and self-governing in 1973, but they continue to be members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
7. Bahamian culture is a mixture of West African and European influences, with a street scene full of costumes called Junkanoo (which was featured in the James Bond film, Thunderball) its main cultural festival.
8. Regattas, rugby, and religion are also very popular in the Bahamas, with a high number of churches per capita.
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THE CAYMAN HILLS
9. First name Las Tortugas (for sea turtles there) and Christopher Columbus on his last voyage to the New World, the Cayman Islands were given their current name by explorer Sir Francis Drake after the Taíno word for Crocodile (Caiman).
10. The Cayman Islands were ruled as a colony by Jamaica until 1962, when they became part of the British Overseas Territory.
11. Consisting of Grand Cayman, Cayman Brac, and Little Cayman Islands, the island’s population of about 45,000 people is made up of about 60% of the Afro-European race, and tourism and banking provide the highest quality of life in the Caribbean.
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12. It has the longest history of any country in the Western Hemisphere (over 500 years), Dominican Republic it is the first European settlement in America, and Santo Domingo the first colonial capital.
13. Sharing borders on the island of Hispaniola with Haiti, the Dominican culture and the Spanish, French, Taíno and Africa influences.
14. Music, this place is known as the birthplace of Merengue, as well as the love/dance music known as Bachata.
15. DR is a fountain of baseball talent, producing major league legends such as David Ortiz, Albert Pujols, Pedro Martinez, Manny Ramirez, and Sammy Sosa.
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16 Haiti, which was formerly controlled by France, was the first independent country of black people and the only country that survived a slave revolt.
17. Haiti was also the first country in Latin America to declare its independence on January 1, 1804.
18. A Roman Catholic country, Haiti’s culture is mixed Africa and French influences, but its proximity to the Dominican Republic also brings Spanish and Taíno influences.
19. Although it is known for its various forms of art, Haiti is most famous for its interesting music, including the style called Kompa, Salsa, Soca, and the French fusion called Zouk music.
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20. Originally claimed as Spain when Columbus first arrived there in 1494, Jamaica came under British rule in 1655.
21. Descendants of African slaves used in the sugar trade now make up the majority of the island’s 2.8 million people.
22. The third largest of the Caribbean islands, Jamaica is divided into 14 parishes, with the Blue Mountains surrounded by a narrow coastal plain. Montego Bay, Negril, and Ocho Rios are all popular tourist towns.
23. Much of the island’s culture revolves around its music, and Jamaican music genres such as reggae, dancehall, and dub music playing a major role in the birth and evolution of hip-hop.
24. Sports such as cricket and soccer (known as football) are also popular in Jamaica.
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Photo of PUERTO RICO
25. The Taíno culture remained prevalent in Puerto Rico for more than 700 years until the island was conquered by Spain under the command of the conqueror Juan Ponce de León.
26. The fortifications of El Castillo San Felipe del Morro and El Castillo de San Cristóbal were built to protect San Juan from English, Dutch, and French attacks. But the island was ceded to the US under the Treaty of Paris after the Spanish-American War.
27. Puerto Rican culture is a mixture of African, Amerindian, Spanish, and North American influences, with popular music and dance styles including Bomba, Latin JazzMerengue, Plena, Reggaetón, and Salsa.
28. Baseball and boxing are some of the most popular sports in Puerto Rico, which have produced famous athletes such as Félix Trinidad, Héctor Camacho, Roberto Clemente, Iván Rodríguez, and Roberto Alomar.
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ST. MAARTEN/ST. MARTIN
29. Discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1493, this island was the subject of the “Eighty Years’ War” between Spain and the Netherlands in the 1600s.
30. By the time the Spanish relinquished control to the Dutch, the French had already established a settlement on the island, and the 1648 Treaty of Concordia divided the country peacefully between the two nations.
31. Dutch St. Maarten is culturally diverse, with approximately 77 nationalities represented among its 44,000 residents.
32. A French St. Martin (population 40,000) is known as the culinary capital of the Caribbean, with a wide variety of gourmet cuisine.
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TURKS & CAICOS
33. Home to the Carib Amerindian people, the Turks and Caicos Islands were a popular hideout for pirates in the early 18th century.
34. Finally, the islands were taken over by Britain in 1799 as part of the Bahamas.
35. Formed a separate colony in 1959, the islands (only eight in total) gained independence in 1973, but remain a British overseas territory.
36. With less than 33,000 people spread over eight inhabited islands, Turks & Caicos is one of the smallest countries in the Caribbean, which may explain why celebrities like Bruce Willis and Gene Simmons have bought property here.
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US VIRGIN ISLANDS
37. Created by St. Croix, St. John, St. Thomas and many smaller surrounding islands, the Virgin Islands were settled by the Carib and Arawak tribes before Columbus arrived in 1493.
38. Over the next 300 years, the islands changed hands with European powers many times, including Britain, France, the Netherlands, and Spain.
39. Sold by Denmark in 1917 for $25 million, the Virgin Islands are the only part of the United States where cars always drive on the left.
40. Festivals in the Virgin Islands have a spectacular flavor with calypso music, reggae, soca and salsa were played in the streets at events such as the Three Kings Day celebration on St. Croix is the annual carnival on St. Thomas. -By Bret Love